♦ President and Vice President to be elected to 4-year terms
♦ How the “electors” are chosen
♦ How the electors choose the President and Vice President [method changed by Amendment 12 in 1804]
♦ Congress can determine the date when the electors are chosen and when the electors choose the President; the dates must be the same throughout the U.S.
♦ Qualifications to be President:
◊ President must be a citizen,
◊ Must be at least 35 years of age
◊ Must be at least a 14-year resident of the U.S.
♦ Provides that the VP takes over if the President dies, resigns or is unable to carry out duties. [25th amendment, 1964, expands succession order, to provide for other conditions, such as how to replace a VP]
♦ The President will be paid, but his pay cannot increase during his term and he cannot receive pay from any of the states or other pay from the U.S
♦ Sets forth the Presidents Oath of Office
Section 2.The President’s Powers
♦ Establishes that the President as Commander in Chief of the Army & Navy & militia of the several states when called into service of the U.S.
♦ Grant reprieves and issue pardons (except for impeachment)
♦ Make treaties, with the advice & consent of two-thirds of the Senate
♦ Appoint ambassadors, judges and other such appointments with the advice and consent of the Senate; Congress can vest appointments of lesser officers in either the President alone, the courts, or in department heads.
♦ To make Recess appointments
Section 3.♦ President must give periodic State of the Union address to Congress
♦ President may recommend measures to Congress
♦ In extraordinary circumstances, he convene either or both Houses of Congress
♦ President will receive Ambassadors and public ministers
♦ President must “take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed”
♦ President commissions all Officers of the United States
Section 4. President, VP and all civil Officers of US can be removed from office upon impeachment and conviction of “Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.”